You can contact me, visit PubMed, Google Scholar, or the publisher’s website to get pdf reprints.

Peer-reviewed publications:


83) Gibson, R.M., Ray, L.B., LaForge, G., Owen, A.M. & Fogel, S.M. (2020). 24-hour polysomnographic recordings and electrophysiological spectral analyses from a cohort of patients with chronic disorders of consciousness. Journal of Neurology.

82) Tanabe, S., Huang, Z., Zhang, J., Chen, Y., Fogel., S., Doyon, J., Wu, J., Xu, J., Zhang, J., Qin, P., Wu, X., Mao, Y., Mashour, G., Hudetz A.G. and Northoff, G. (2020). Altered Global Brain Signal during Physiologic, Pharmacologic, and Pathologic States of Unconsciousness in Humans and Rats. Anesthesiology.

81) Smith, D., Fang, Z., Thompson, K., Fogel, S. (2020). Sleep and individual differences in intellectual abilities. Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 33, 126-131.

80) Cavaliere, C., Longarzo, M., Fogel, S., Engström, M., & Soddu, A. (2020). Neuroimaging of Narcolepsy and Primary Hypersomnias. The Neuroscientist.

79) Fang, Z., Ray, L.B., Owen, A.M., & Fogel, S.M. (2020). Sleep spindle-dependent functional connectivity correlates with cognitive abilities. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 32(3), 446-466.


78) Saad, M., Ray, L.B.,Bujaki, B., Parvaresh, A., Palamarchuk, I., De Koninck, J., Douglass, A., Lee, E.K., Soucy, L., Fogel, S.M., Morin, C.M., Bastien, C., Merali, Z. & Robillard, R. (2019). Using heart rate profiles during sleep as a biomarker of depression. BMC Psychiatry.

77) van den Berg, N.H., Al-Kuwatli, J., Paulin, J., Benoit, A., Ray, L. B.,Owen, A. M. and Fogel, S. M. (2019). Sleep Preferentially Enhances Memory For A Cognitive Strategy But Not The Implicit Motor Skills Used To Acquire It. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 161, 135-142.

76) Fang, Z., Ray, L.,Owen, A.M. & Fogel S. (2019). The neural basis of human intelligence during sleep. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 13(46), 1-16.

75) Vien, C.,Boré, A., Boutin, A., Pinsard, B., Carrier, J., Doyon, J. and Fogel, S. (2019). Thalamo-cortical white matter underlies motor memory consolidation via modulation by sleep spindles in young and older adults. Neuroscience, 402, 104-115.

74) van den Berg, N., Benoit, A. Toor, B. & Fogel, S.M. (2019) Sleep oscillations: A window into sleep’s role in memory consolidation and cognitive abilities. In: H. Dingenberg. (Eds.), Handbook of Sleep Research, Academic Press.

73) Gabitov, E., Boutin, A., Pinsard, B., Censor, N., & Fogel, S., Albouy, G., King, B.R., Benali, H., Carrier, J., Cohen, J.G., Karni, A., Doyon, J. (2019). Susceptibility of consolidated procedural memory to interference is independent of its active task-based retrieval. PLOS One, 14(1), e0210876.

72) El-Baba, M., Lewis, D.J., Fang, Z., Owen, A.M., Fogel, S., Morton., J.B. (2019). Functional connectivity dynamics slow with decent from wakefulness to sleep. Plos One, 14(12), e0224669.


71) Houldin, E.D., Fang, Z., Ray, L.B., Owen, A.M. & Fogel, S. (2018). Toward a complete taxonomy of resting state networks across wakefulness and sleep: an assessment of spatially distinct resting state networks using independent component analysis. Sleep, zsy235.

70) Stojanoski, B., Benoit, A., van den Berg, N., Ray, L., Owen, A.M., Zandi, A., Quddus, A., Comeau, F.J.E. & Fogel, S. (2018). Sustained vigilance is negatively affected by mild and acute sleep loss reflected by reduced capacity for decision making, motor preparation, and execution. Sleep, zsy200.

69) Fogel, S. Ray, L., Sergeeva, V., De Koninck, J. & Owen. A.M. (2018). A novel approach to dream content analysis reveals links between learning-related dream incorporation and cognitive abilities. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1398.

68) Laventure, S., Pinsard, B., Lungu, O., Carrier, J., Fogel, S., Benali, H., Lina., J.M., Boutin, A. & Doyon, J. (2018). Beyond spindles: interactions between sleep spindles and boundary frequencies during cued reactivation of motor memory representations. Sleep, zsy142.

67) Viczko, J., Sergeeva, V., Ray, L.B., Owen, A.M. & Fogel, S. (2018). Does sleep facilitate the consolidation of allocentric or egocentric representations of implicitly learned visual-motor sequence learning? Learning & Memory, 25(2), 67-77.

66) Boutin, A., Pinsard, B., Boré, A., Carrier, J., Fogel, S. & Doyon, J. (2018). Transient synchronization of hippocampo-striato-thalamo-cortical networks during sleep spindle oscillations induces motor memory consolidation. Neuroimage, 169, 419-430.


65) Sergeeva, V., Viczko, J., Ray, L., Owen, A.M. & Fogel, S. (2017). Sleep-dependent motor sequence memory consolidation in individuals with periodic limb movements. Sleep Medicine, 40, 23-32.

64) Gabitov, E., Boutin, A., Pinsard, B., Censor, N., Fogel, S., Albouy, G., King, B.K., Benali, H., Carrier, J., Cohen, L.G., Karni, A., & Doyon J. (2017). Re-stepping into the same river: competition problem rather than a reconsolidation failure in an established motor skill. Scientific Reports, 7:9406.

63) Vahdat, S., Fogel, S., Benali, H. & Doyon, J. (2017). Network-wide reorganization of procedural memory during non-REM sleep revealed by fMRI. eLife, 6:e24987.

62) Zandi, A.S., Quddus, A., Comeau, F.J.E. & Fogel, S. (2017). Non-Intrusive Monitoring of Drowsiness Using Eye Movement and Blinking. Canadian Multidisciplinary Road Safety. XXVII(94).

61) Fogel, S., Albouy, G., King, B., Vien, C., Karni, A., Benali, H., Maquet, P., Carrier, J. & Doyon, J. (2017). Reactivation or transformation? Motor memory consolidation associated with cerebral activation time-locked to sleep spindles. PLOS One. 12(4): e0174755.

60) Fogel, S., Benali, H., Carrier, J. & Doyon, J. (2017). Sleep spindles: a physiological marker of age- related changes in gray matter in brain regions supporting motor skill memory consolidation. Neurobiology of Aging, 49, 154-164.

59) Fang, L, Sergeeva, V., Owen, A. & Fogel, S. (2017). Sleep spindles and intellectual ability: epiphenomenon or directly related? Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 29(1), 167-182.

58) King, B.R., Saucier, P., Albouy, G., Fogel, S. & Doyon, J. (2017). Cerebral Activation During Initial Motor Learning Forecasts Subsequent Sleep-Facilitated Memory Consolidation in Older Adults. Cerebral Cortex, 27(2): 1588-1601.


57) Vien, C., Boré, A., Lungu, O., Benali, H., Carrier, C., Fogel, S., & Doyon, J. (2016). Age-Related White Matter Correlates of Motor Sequence Learning and Consolidation. Neurobiology of Aging.

56) Laventure, S., Fogel, S., Albouy, G., Lungu, O., Vien, C., Sevigny-Dupont, J. Carrier, J. & Doyon, J. (in press). Evidence of a causal role of stage 2 sleep in motor memory consolidation. PLOS Biology, 14(3):e1002429.

55) Peigneux, P., Fogel, S. & Smith, C. (2016). Memory processing in relation to sleep. In M. H. Kryger, T. Roth, & W. C. Dement (Eds.), Principles and practice of sleep medicine. W. B. Saunders.

54) Gosselin, D., Campbell, K., & De Koninck, J. (2016). Towards a Novel Measure to Determine Improvement of Cognitive Functioning Following Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia. Journal of Sleep Disorders and Therapy, 5(5).

53) Dale A., Lortie-Lussier, M., Wong C., & De Koninck J. (2016). Dreams of Canadian Students: Norms, Gender Differences, and Comparison with Americans. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology.

52) Wong C., Amini, R., & De Koninck, J. (2016). Automatic gender detection of dream reports: A promising approach. Consciousness and Cognition, 44, 20-28.

51) Bradshaw, S., Lafrenière, A., Amini, R., & De Koninck, J. (2016). Threats in Dreams, Emotions and the Severity of Threatening Experiences in Waking. International Journal of Dream Research.

50) Wittmann, L., Zander, J., & Dale, A. L. (2016). Das Traumgenerierungsmodell von Ulrich Moser und Ilka von Zeppelin. Forum der Psychoanalyse, 32(1), 39-51.


49) Albouy, A., Fogel, S., King, B., Laventure, S., Benali, H., Karni, A., Carrier, J., Robertson, E. & Doyon, J. (2015). Maintaining vs. Enhancing Motor Sequence Memories: Respective Roles of Striatal and Hippocampal Systems. Neuroimage, 108, 423-434.

48) Fogel, S., Ray, L., Binnie, L., & Owen, A.M. (2015). How to become an expert: A new perspective on the role of sleep in the mastery of procedural skills. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 125, 236-248.

47) Ray, L., Sockeel, S., Bore, A., Soon, M., Stojanoski, B., Cusack, R., Owen, A., Doyon, J. & Fogel, S. (2015). Expert and crowd-sourced validation of an individualized sleep spindle detection method employing complex demodulation and individualized normalization. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 9(507), 1-16.

46) Dale, A., Lortie-Lussier, M., & De Koninck, J. (2015). Ontogenetic patterns in the dreams of women across the lifespan. Consciousness and Cognition, 37, 214-224.

45) Biard, K., Douglass, A., Robillard, R., & De Koninck, J. (2015). A pilot study of 5-HT1A receptor genotypes and REM sleep sensitivity to serotonergic/cholinergic imbalance in humans: A pharmacological model of depression. Nature and Science of Sleep, 8, 1-8.

44) Pérusse, A.D., Pedneault-Drolet, M., De Koninck, J., & Bastien, C. (2015). REM dream activity of insomnia sufferes: A systematic comparison with good sleepers. Sleep Medicine, 17, 1-15.

43) Biard K., Douglass, A., & De Koninck, J. (2015). The effects of galantamine and buspirone on sleep structure: Implications for understanding sleep abnormalities in major depression. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 29, 1011-1111.

42) Perusse, A.D., De Koninck, J., & Bastien, C. (2015). Insomnia sufferers can tolerate laboratory REM sleep dream collection which may improve their sleep perception. International Journal of Dream Research, 8(1), 54-57.

41) Miller, N. J., DeCicco, T. L., Dale, A. L., & Murkar, A. (2015). Assessing the effect of meditation on dream imagery, depression, and anxiety. International Journal of Dream Research, 8(2), 99-104.

40) Dale, A. L., Miller, M., DeCicco, T., & Tavakoli, P. (2015). Predictive value of the dreams of Canadian soldiers. Dreaming, 25(3), 220-231.


39) Martinu, K., Nagano-Saito, A., Fogel, S., Monchi, O. (2014). Levodopa, non-dominant hand movements and symptom asymmetry in Parkinson’s disease. Plos One, e111600.

38) Peters, K., Fogel, S., Ray, L., & Smith, C. (2014). Age Differences in the Variability and Distribution of Sleep Spindle and Rapid Eye Movement Densities. PlosOne, e91047.

37) Fogel, S., Albouy, G., Vien, C., Popovicci, R., King, B., Hoge, R., Jbabdi, S., Benali, H., Karni, A., Maquet, P., Carrier, J. & Doyon, J. (in press). Sleep spindles modulate memory consolidation in young but not older adults. Human Brain Mapping, 35(8):3625-45.

36) Razavi, A.H., Matwin, S., Amini, R., & De Koninck, J. (2014). Dream Sentiment Analysis Using Second Order Soft-Occurences and Time Course Representations. Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, 42(3), 393-413.

35) Dale, A.L., Murkar, A., Miller, J., & Black, J. (2014). Comparing the effects of real versus simulated violence and threat on dream imagery. Cyberpsychology, Behaviour, and Social Networking, 17(8), 531-546.

34) Murkar, A., Smith, C., Dale, A., & Miller, J. (2014). A neurocognitive model of sleep mentation and memory. International Journal of Dream Research, 7, 85-89.

33) Murkar, A., Smith, C., Dale, A., & Miller, J. (2014). Does REM mentation reflect emotional memory? Assessing dreams with a modified Emotional Stroop Task. International Journal of Dream Research, 7, 72-75.


32) King, B., Fogel, S., Albouy, G. & Doyon, J. (2013). Neural correlates of the age-related changes in motor sequence learning and motor adaptation in older adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7(142), 1-13.

31) Albouy, G., Pottiez, H., Nguyen, V., Fogel, S., Ray, L., Carrier, J., Robertson, E. & Doyon, J. (2013). Daytime Sleep enhances consolidation of the spatial but not motoric representation of motor sequence memory, PlosOne, 8(1), 1-13.

30) Barakat, M., Carrier, J., Debas, K., Lungu, O., Vandewalle, G., Fogel, S., Bellec, P., Karni, A., Ungerleider, L., Habib B., & Julien D. (2013). Sleep spindles predict neural and behavioral changes in motor sequence consolidation. Human Brain Mapping, 34(11), 2918-2928.

29) Dale, A.L. & DeCicco, T.L. (2013). Examining The Storytelling Method with Canadian
soldiers. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 33, 369-383.

28) Dale, A.L., DeCicco, T.L., & Miller, N. (2013). Exploring the dreams of Canadian soldiers with content analysis. International Journal of Dream Research, 6(1), 22-30.

27) DeCicco, T.L., Zanasi, M., Dale, A. L., Longo, G., Testoni F., & Murkar, A. (2013). A cultural comparison of dream content, mood and waking day anxiety between Italians and Canadians. International Journal of Dream Research, 6 (1), 8-12.


26) Fogel, S., Martin, N., Lafortune, M., Barakat, M., Debas, K., Latreille, V., Gagnon, J., Doyon, J. & Carrier, J., (2012). NREM Sleep Oscillations and Brain Plasticity in Aging. Frontiers in Neurology, 3(176), 1-7.

25) Antunes-Alves, S., & De Koninck, J. (2012). Pre- and Post-Sleep Stress Levels and Negative Emotions in a Sample Dream Among Frequent and Non-Frequent Nightmare Sufferers. Archives of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 2, 11-16.

24) De Koninck, J., Forest, G., Lortie-Lussier, M. (2012). Le traitement cognitivo-comportemental des cauchemars et le cas particulier de l'état de stress post-traumatique. Médecine du sommeil, 9, 101-109.

23) De Koninck, J., Dreams and Dreaming. (2012). pp. 150-171. Handbook of Sleep and Sleep Disorders., C. Morin & C. Epsie (Eds). Oxford University Press, Oxford.

22) Zanasi, M, DeCicco, T.L., Dale, A.L., Musolino, G., & Wright, C. (2012). Dreams with sexual imagery: Gender differences between Canadians and Italians. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 32, 151-164.


21) Doyon, J., Orban, P., Barakat, M., Debas, K., Lungu, O., Albouy, G., Fogel, S., Proulx, S., Laventure, S., Deslauriers, J., Duchesne, C., Carrier, J., & Benali, H. (2011). Plasticité fonctionnelle du cerveau associée à l’apprentissage moteur. Médecine Science (Paris), 27(4), 413-420.

20) Fogel, S., & Smith, C. (2011). The function of the sleep spindle: A physiological index of intelligence and a mechanism for sleep dependent memory consolidation. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 35, 1154-1165.

19) Fogel, S., Smith, C., Higginson, C., & Beninger, R. (2011). Different types of avoidance behavior in rats produce dissociable post-training changes in sleep. Physiology and Behavior, 102, 170–174.

18) Amini, R., Sabourin, C., & De Koninck, J. (2011). Word Associations Improve Automatic Analysis of Dream Emotional Tone. Consciousness and Cognition, 20, 1570-1576.

17) Dale, A.L., & DeCicco, T L. (2011). Content and discovery in the dreams of Canadian male university students: A pilot study. Dreaming, 21(4), 257-276.


16) Fogel, S., Higginson, C., Smith, C., & Beninger, R. (2010). Different types of avoidance behavior in rats produce dissociable post-training changes in sleep. Physiology and Behavior, 102, 170–174.

15) Fogel, S., Smith, C., & Beninger, R. (2010). Too much of a good thing? Elevated baseline sleep spindles predict poor avoidance performance in rats. Brain Research, 1319, 112-117.

14) Fogel, S., Smith, C., & Beninger, R. (2010). Increased GABAergic activity in the region of the pedunculopontine and deep mesencephalic reticular nuclei reduces REM sleep and impairs learning in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 124(1), 79-86.

13) Ray, L., Fogel, S., Peters, K., & Smith, C. (2010). Validating an automated sleep spindle detection algorithm using an individualized approach. Journal of Sleep Research, 19(2), 374-378.

12) Lamarche, L., Driver, H., Forest, G., Mercier, P., & De Koninck, J. (2010). Napping in women with significant emotional/behavioral premenstrual symptoms: Effects on symptoms and subsequent sleep. Sleep and Biological Rhythms, 8, 151-159.


11) Winocur, G., Frankland, P., Sekeres, M., Fogel, S., & Moscovitch, M. (2009). Memory consolidation: Effects of context manipulation and hippocampal lesions on memory reinstatement. Learning & Memory, 16, 722-729.

10) Fogel, S., Smith, C., & Beninger, R. (2009). Evidence for 2-stage models of sleep and memory: Learning-dependent changes in spindles and theta in rats. Brain Research Bulletin, 79, 445-451.


9) Lamarche, L., & De Koninck, J. (2008). Sleep disturbance in adults with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 68(8), 1257-1270.


8) Fogel, S., Nader, R., Cote, K., & Smith, C. (2007). Sleep Spindles and Learning Potential. Behavioral Neuroscience, 121(1), 1-10.

7) Fogel, S., Smith, C., &. Cote, K. (2007). Dissociable learning-dependent changes in REM and non-REM sleep in declarative and procedural memory systems. Behavioural Brain Research, 180, 48–61.

6) Wiebe, S., Lamarche, L., Sabourin, C., Lortie-Lussier, M., & De Koninck, J. (2007). The dreams of women with severe emotional/behavioral premenstrual symptoms. Dreaming, 17(4), 199-207.

5) Lamarche, L., Driver, H., Wiebe, S., Crawford, L., & De Koninck, J. (2007). Nocturnal sleep, daytime sleepiness, and napping among women with significant emotional/behavioral premenstrual symptoms. Journal of Sleep Research, 16, 262-268.

4) Lamarche, L., & De Koninck, J. (2007). Sleep disturbance in adults with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Clinical integration and future research. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 68, 1257-1270.


3) Fogel, S., & Smith, C. (2006). Learning-dependent changes in sleep spindles and Stage 2 sleep. Journal of Sleep Research, 15, 250-255.

2) Milner, C., Fogel, S., & Cote, K. (2006). Experience with napping moderates motor performance improvements following a short daytime nap. Biological Psychology, 73, 141-156.


1) Winocur, G., Moscovitch, M., Fogel, S., Rosenbaum, R., & Sekeres, M. (2005). Preserved spatial memory following hippocampal lesions: Effects of extensive experience in a complex environment. Nature Neuroscience, 8(3), 273-275.

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