Research Activities

Areas of Research

  • Education
  • Sport
  • Physical activity

Research Axes

Coping

Coping represents the behavioral and cognitive actions used to manage the demands of a specific stressful situation. This multidimensional construct, which is a part of psychology of self-regulation, is a central theme in our research activities. We are studying the structural organization of the coping actions as well as their stability across time and situations. We are devoting effort to understand the role of coping actions in explaining why some people are capable of attaining their personal goals while maintaining high level of psychological adjustment. Our studies also examine the complex relationships of personality, motivational processes, and social factors in the prediction of individual differences in coping utilization.

Motivational Processes

Motivation is a latent construct representing psychological processes influencing the activation, the direction, the intensity, and the maintenance of human behaviors. Our research activities focus on personal goals of individuals as well as on the reasons why the are engaging themselves in their activities. We are carrying research projects based on the achievement goal theory, the self-determination theory and other behavioral self-regulation models. These projects are essentially examining different motivational processes that could help people to attain their personal goals, while maintaining strong engagement and high levels of emotional well-being.

Perfectionism

Perfectionism is a controversial research topic in personality psychology. Our research program proposes a new theoretical model: The 2 x 2 model of dispositional perfectionism (see Gaudreau & Thompson, 2010). This model asserts that within-person organization of two components of perfectionism (rather than these components themselves) is a more promising level of analysis to understand psychological adjustment and distress. Our ongoing research sheds new light to the healthy vs. unhealthy nature of distinct subtypes of perfectionism.

Multilevel motivation

Our ongoing research proposes a multilevel extension of the hierarchical model of motivation (Vallerand, 1997). Our multi-layered hiearchical model of motivation (Gaudreau, Fecteau, & Perreault, 2010) is paving the way to the exploration of complex interactions between individuals and their social environment. The model delineates novel hypotheses to examine motivation in dyadic, group, and organisational setttings. The model can also be used as a stepping stone for the study of motivation at the within-person level of analysis.

Planning and inter-goals regulation

Most people are pursuing multiple goals across various domains of their lives. At times, it can be difficult to maintain a good balance between our different activities. For example, several university students are struggling to maintain their physical activity behaviors during stressful academic periods. Students-athletes are often finding it difficult to balance their sport and academic activities. Some students believe that their performance goals compromise their capacity to focus on learning and task mastery. Our research studies the role of action planning (implementation intention) and self-regulation on the the capacity to balance the pursuit of multiple goals.

Research Methods

  • Our studies are quantitative.
  • Mostly correlational with self-report measures.
  • The design is often short-term longitudinal or, at least, prospective.
  • We also conduct diary studies and lab experiments.

Statistical Analyses and Software

  • Multiple regressions with SPSS.
  • Structural equation modeling for mediation models (EQS, MPLUS).
  • Confirmatory factor analyses (EQS, MPLUS).
  • Multilevel models of longitudinal, dyadic, and group data (HLM, MPLUS).
  • Meta-analysis (CMA).
  • Latent class growth modeling (SAS).
  • Cluster analysis (SPSS).
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