Research Reports of the Centre on Governance
Centre on Governance Working Papers Series
The Centre on Governance Working Papers Series is a platform that allows for the dissemination and publication of working papers that address governance issues and that are completed by either our professors, senior fellows, student researchers and/or affiliated staff of the Centre on Governance. The working papers presented are works that may reflect the beginning of research, special reports and projects, conference papers, and also gives M.A. and Ph.D. students an opportunity to distribute and circulate their initial research. All articles are available below in PDF format, and are listed according to their date of publication.
Blouin‐Genest, Gabriel; Burlone, Nathalie; Champagne, Eric; Généreux, Mélissa; Torres Orozco, Natalia; Bogic, Anna
The present study is an analysis of the communication and information shared by the World Health Organization (WHO) from December 31, 2019 (when the first pneumonia cases from unknown cause were detected in Wuhan, China) to January 31, 2020, the day after the WHO declared COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). All recommendations, statements, press conferences, tools, social media posts, and guidelines released by the WHO during this period were reviewed to identify the WHO information and communication strategy. In this first report in a series of reports, our objective is to examine the WHO strategy within the context of uncertainty, data shortages and insufficient cooperation which greatly affected a coordinated global response towards the novel coronavirus. This report thus seeks to illuminate recent criticisms expressed by international actors against the WHO by looking specifically at problems, failures and limitations of the communication and information strategy of this international organization. We present key findings on the WHO’s use of social media and other tools, as well as the findings of a Canadian survey suggesting that the WHO may have appeared too far removed as a source of information to be able to reduce stress, anxiety and misinformation.
Étude sur la collaboration interprofessionnelle et inter ordres au Québec
EricChampagne et FrancisGaudreault
This research is looking at collaboration between professional colleges in Quebec and is part of a reflection from a group of professional colleges in the area of health and social services who have undertaken an initiative to improve their collaborative practices. Interprofessional collaboration is seen as a critical approach to improving the governance and the quality of health care systems in Canada and around the world. This exploratory research first seeks to better situate and understand the concept of collaboration between professional colleges from a conceptual perspective. Then, with the help of an appreciative inquiry and individual interviews with representatives of the professional colleges, this research makes it possible to identify the main models of collaboration between professional colleges along with the success factors.
Jason McSparren and Cristina D’Alessandro
Abstract: Relations between Qatar and sub-Saharan Africa are developing. Qatar is in fact at a critical time: the forthcoming Qatari National Development Strategy has to present and explain the future economic strategy and the measures needed to achieve it, including the complex crucial role Africa may have to realize it. It is argued here that Qatar has to consider partnerships with African stakeholders as mutual learning and mutually beneficial dynamics, revising accordingly its soft power strategy. This paper analysesthe critical and renewed role of these relations between Qatar and sub-Saharan Africa, the new trends, and innovative possibilities offered by African stakeholders to Qatari counterparts and vice versa. These reciprocal opportunities go beyond mining and mineral resources, but sound natural resource governance is the starting point for economic diversification and structural transformation, both in Africa and in Qatar.
Jason McSparren, Hany Besada, Vasundhara Saravade
Abstract: Over the past few years, developing a sustainable and resilient economy has emerged as a priority for many nations, regardless of their level of development. It is especially important for non-renewable resource dependent countries like Qatar, to become self-sufficient and sustaining in the long term.However, in order to make this happen, there are a few factors that need to be addressed, of which economic diversification and social development are key towardscreating a resilient and self-sustaining economy. As Qatar’s National Vision puts it, “Charting economic and social progress in modern societies depends on a clear vision and a strategy about how to get there...[and in order] for societies to develop, balancing the interests of the present and future generations is vital” (QNV, 2030). Qatar, through its National Vision 2030 strategy, seeks to build a bridge between its current resource-dependent and affluent economy with a futuristic knowledge-based and sustainable one. While most nations would follow a more traditional path towardscreating a resilient economy, Qatar has relied on a more non-conventional mode of resilience known as soft power. By using its affluent wealth and investing it strategically, Qatar has built close relations with countries that range from advanced Western nations to developing and emerging economies in Asia.
However, despite heavily investing in key strategic partners, this paper explains how Qatar has overlooked one significant, yet emerging player – the African market. Given its geographical proximity and huge human capital potential, Africa’s market has been overlooked by other Western and Asian players as well, due to the large political and economic risk it possesses. This paper argues that by building and investing in the African market, Qatar will not only be expanding its soft power capabilities there, but also leading the way for future investment into Africa and thereby allowing for other international players to enter the market as well. By investing in areas of growth such as food, oil and gas exploration as well as banking and capital markets, Qatar’s economic diversification, as set out in the National Vision 2030 will have been addressed as well as inadvertently reduce Africa’s political, economic and social risk. The paper concludes by pointing out that foreign policy and foreign investment strategy, should function within the context of a shifting global power structure. In this sense, it is increasingly evident that Qatar can be one such emerging power that is carving out a niche by investing financially and politically, but with the dual aim of diversification for itself and development for Africa’s growing markets.
Susan Adwoa Mensah
M. Evren Tok
Eric Champagne, Moira Hart-Poliquin, SaveraHayat, Aaida Mamuji, Benjamina Randrianarivelo, Kay Winning
The research presented in this document was developed as a result of an applied research project led by Professor ÉricChampagne (Assistant Director) and Moira Hart-Poliquin (Senior Fellow) at the University of Ottawa’s Centre on Governance along with Benjamina Randrianarivelo and Kay Winning (governance and leadership specialists) at the World Bank. The purpose of this research is to better understand the role of a new professional practice called “results coaching” on public sector projects and reforms in the context of development.