Research Paper Series

The Centre on Governance Research Paper Series is a platform that allows for the dissemination and publication of working papers that address governance issues and that are completed by either our professors, senior fellows, student researchers and/or affiliated staff of the Centre on Governance. The working papers presented are works that may reflect the beginning of research, special reports and projects, conference papers, and also gives M.A. and Ph.D. students an opportunity to distribute and circulate their initial research. All articles are available below in PDF format, and are listed according to their date of publication; these working papers are all assigned an ISBN and are registered with Library and Archives Canada.

November 2015

Coaching For Results: The Kind of Change Results Coaches Facilitate and the Tactics they use to do so

Eric Champagne, Moira Hart-Poliquin, Savera Hayat, Aaida Mamuji, Benjamina Randrianarivelo, Kay Winning

The research presented in this document was developed as a result of an applied research project led by Professor Éric Champagne (Assistant Director) and Moira Hart-Poliquin (Senior Fellow) at the University of Ottawa’s Centre on Governance along with Benjamina Randrianarivelo and Kay Winning (governance and leadership specialists) at the World Bank. The purpose of this research is to better understand the role of a new professional practice called “results coaching” on public sector projects and reforms in the context of development.

May 2016

Governance of Natural Resources in sub-Saharan Africa: What is Qatar’s Role?

M. Evren Tok

September 2016

Economic Diversification in Africa: What can Gulf States learn from African countries?

Cristina D'Alessandro

Investing in Sierra Leone: Conditions, Setbacks, and Paths Forward

Karolina Werner

The Conceptualization of a Qatari-Africa Foreign and Economic Policy Framework: The Case of Soft Power

Ben O'Bright

December 2016

Generating Investment in Ghana: Exploring opportunities for investment from Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Susan Adwoa Mensah

May 2017

The Implementation of Trade Relations and Industry Standards: The Qatari National Development Strategy & the African Mining Vision

Jason McSparren and Cristina D’Alessandro

Abstract: Relations between Qatar and sub-Saharan Africa are developing. Qatar is in fact at a critical time: the forthcoming Qatari National Development Strategy has to present and explain the future economic strategy and the measures needed to achieve it, including the complex crucial role Africa may have to realize it. It is argued here that Qatar has to consider partnerships with African stakeholders as mutual learning and mutually beneficial dynamics, revising accordingly its soft power strategy. This paper analyses the critical and renewed role of these relations between Qatar and sub-Saharan Africa, the new trends, and innovative possibilities offered by African stakeholders to Qatari counterparts and vice versa. These reciprocal opportunities go beyond mining and mineral resources, but sound natural resource governance is the starting point for economic diversification and structural transformation, both in Africa and in Qatar.

Qatar’s Global Investment Strategy for Diversification and Security in the Post-Financial Crisis Era

Jason McSparren, Hany Besada and Vasundhara Saravade

Abstract: 

Over the past few years, developing a sustainable and resilient economy has emerged as a priority for many nations, regardless of their level of development. It is especially important for non-renewable resource dependent countries like Qatar, to become self-sufficient and sustaining in the long term.  However, in order to make this happen, there are a few factors that need to be addressed, of which economic diversification and social development are key towards creating a resilient and self-sustaining economy. As Qatar’s National Vision puts it, “Charting economic and social progress in modern societies depends on a clear vision and a strategy about how to get there...[and in order] for societies to develop, balancing the interests of the present and future generations is vital” (QNV, 2030). Qatar, through its National Vision 2030 strategy, seeks to build a bridge between its current resource-dependent and affluent economy with a futuristic knowledge-based and sustainable one. While most nations would follow a more traditional path towards creating a resilient economy, Qatar has relied on a more non-conventional mode of resilience known as soft power. By using its affluent wealth and investing it strategically, Qatar has built close relations with countries that range from advanced Western nations to developing and emerging economies in Asia.

However, despite heavily investing in key strategic partners, this paper explains how Qatar has overlooked one significant, yet emerging player – the African market. Given its geographical proximity and huge human capital potential, Africa’s market has been overlooked by other Western and Asian players as well, due to the large political and economic risk it possesses. This paper argues that by building and investing in the African market, Qatar will not only be expanding its soft power capabilities there, but also leading the way for future investment into Africa and thereby allowing for other international players to enter the market as well. By investing in areas of growth such as food, oil and gas exploration as well as banking and capital markets, Qatar’s economic diversification, as set out in the National Vision 2030 will have been addressed as well as inadvertently reduce Africa’s political, economic and social risk. The paper concludes by pointing out that foreign policy and foreign investment strategy, should function within the context of a shifting global power structure. In this sense, it is increasingly evident that Qatar can be one such emerging power that is carving out a niche by investing financially and politically, but with the dual aim of diversification for itself and development for Africa’s growing markets.

June 2017

The African Mining Vision: Perspectives on Mineral Resource Development in Africa

Kojo Busia and Charles Akong

This paper argues that, after the recent boom, the African Mining Vision initiative (AMV)’s focus on putting development front and center in the extractive industry, is a paradigm ‘whose time has come’. We hypothesis that the Vision is forward-looking enough with robust ideational foundation for seizing emerging policy windows to bring about lasting paradigm shift for Africa’s extractive sector— anchored on its broad-based development.

The paper presents a dynamic, innovative framework for analysing policy change in the extractive sector in Africa, based on the power in ideas and interests networks. While the crisis presents an opportunity, the paper analyses the binding political economy constraints, African governments will have to overcome at the global, regional and country levels in order to implement the transformative ideas of the AMV.

The paper further presents a matrix systematically analysing possible scenarios in the way of implementing the Africa Mining Vision. While AMV remains a paradigm whose time has come for extractive-led development strategies, its implementation would unlikely be linear. Vested interests, including resistance to change and diversity of country contexts, could lead to varied outcomes, in the implementation of AMV in short and medium terms.

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